Chronological Bible

 

4000 B.C.

Day 1:  Sunday - Creation of the Earth / Night / Day

Day 2:  Monday - Creation of Heaven (the sky)

Day 3: Tuesday - Continents / Oceans / Grass / Herbs / Trees

Day 4: Wednesday - Creation of Sun / Moon / Stars

Day 5: Thursday - Great Sea Creatures / Fish / Birds

Day 6:  Friday - Animals / Reptiles / Insects / Man

Day 7: Saturday - God Rests - The Sabbath Day

 

3999 B.C.

The Temptation / The Fall / Expelled from the Garden

 

3979 B.C.

The First Murder: Cain slew Abel 

 

3013 B.C.

Enoch was translated by God at the age of 365

"translated by God" = raptured = taken alive to heaven. This is a prophecy of the end times and the 2nd coming of Christ

 

2944 B.C.

Noah was born to Lamech at the age of 182. [Gen 5:28]

After the Fall planting and growing food became more difficult because of thorns and thistles...weeds. After the Flood Noah and his family (and animals) were allowed to eat meat... which would make it easier to feed themselves.

Noah would have learned about God and the Fall directly his father, Lamech, and Methuselah.

 

2464 B.C.

Noah Commanded to Build Ark [Gen 6:13-22]

The ark was 450 ft L x 75 ft W x 45 ft H, the window was 18 inches below the roof.  Noah has 120 years to build the ark before the Flood comes. It was in progress about 23 years when his sons were born.

 

The Flood

May 2344 B.C.

In the 600th year of Noah's life, in the 2nd month, the 17th day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep were broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened.

Only Noah and those with him in the ark remained alive. [Gen 7:11-23]

Nothing is said about any of the animals being full grown when they entered the ark... they could have been babies, and therefore much smaller. The dimensions of the Ark allow for it's volume to equal that of 569 railroad box cars.

 

June 2344 B.C.  [Gen 8:1-3]

God remembered Noah, and every living thing, and all the animals that were with him in the ark.  And God made a wind to pass over the earth, and the waters subsided. The fountains of the deep and the windows of heaven were also stopped, and the rain from heaven was restrained.

Three things were let loose creating this flood... (1) fountains of the great deep (2) windows of heaven, and (3) 40 days and night of torrential rain.

 

October 2344 B.C.  [Gen 7:24; 8:4]

Five months after the flood began the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat.

 

February 2344 B.C.

At the end of the 40 days, Noah opened the window and sent out a raven which kept going to and fro until the waters had dried up from the earth

He also sent out a dove, to see if the waters had abated from the face of the ground. But the dove found no resting place for the sole of her foot, and she returned into the ark to him, for the waters were on the face of the whole earth. [Gen 8: 7-11]


April 2343 B.C.
And it came to pass in the 601st year of Noah's life, in the 1st month, the 1st day of the month, that the waters were dried up from the earth and Noah removed the covering of the ark and looked, and in-deed the surface of the ground was dry. [Gen 8:13]

May 2343 B.C.
In the 2nd month, on the 27th day of the month, the earth was dry.
God says to Noah: "I will never again curse the ground for man's sake, although the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth; nor will I again destroy every living thing as I have done. While the earth remains, seedtime and harvest, and cold and heat, and winter and summer, and day and night shall not cease."
The rainbow shall be in the cloud, and I will look on it to remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth." And God said to Noah, "This is the sign of the covenant which I have established between Me and all flesh that is on the earth." [Gen 8-17]
"The fear of you and the dread of you shall be on every beast of the earth, on every bird of the air, on all that moves on the earth, and on all the fish of the sea. They are given into your hand. Every moving thing that lives shall be food for you. I have given you all things, even as the green herbs. But you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood." [Gen 9:3]


2121 B.C.
Terah (Abrahamís father) was born. [Gen 11:24]

1994 B.C.
Noah died at the age of 950. [Gen 9:29]

1991 B.C.
The Birth of Abram (Abraham)


1916 B.C.
Following his father's death, God said to Abram: "Get out of your country, from you kindred and from your father's house, to a land that I will show you. I will make you a great nation; I will bless you and make your name great and you shall be a blessing. I will bless those who bless you, and I will curse him who curses you; and in you all the families of the earth shall be blessed."  Abram was 75 years old when he departed from the city of Haran. [Gen 12:1-4]

Abram Meets Melchizedek, King of Salem
King Melchizedek had no father, no mother, no genealogy, neither beginning or ending of life, but made like the Son of God, remains a priest continually. Abram gave him 1/10 of the spoils of the battle. Jesus is a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek. This King Melchizedek is a pre-incarnation appearance of Christ. [Hebrews 7]

1906 B.C.
The Lord said to Abram: "Know certainly that your descendants will be strangers in a land that is not theirs, and will serve them, and they will afflict them 400 years. And also the nation whom they serve I will judge; afterward they will come out with great possessions. Now as for you, you shall go to your fathers in peace; you shall be buried at a good old age. But in the 4th generation they shall return here, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete." [Exo 15:13-16]

1905 B.C.
Ishmael born to Abram and Hagar at the age of 86. [Gen 16:16]
Hagar was Sarai's Egyptian handmaid. Because Sarai was barren she told Abraham to take Hagar in order to fulfill God's promise. Ishmael was born, however, this was not God's plan.

1892 B.C.
Sodom and Gomorrah Destroyed
Sometime between 1892-1891 B.C. God destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah  for their rampant wickedness. Only Lot and his two daughters escaped. Lot's wife was turned into a "pillar of salt" because she disobeyed God's word not to look back at the inferno.

1891 B.C.
Isaac was born to Abraham at the age of 100. Sarah was 90 years old. Prophecy fulfilled. [Gen 21:5]

1885 B.C.
God was with Ishmael, and as he grew he lived in the wilderness and became an archer. When Ishmael was grown, probably about the age of 20, his mother Hagar arranged a marriage with an Egyptian girl from among her people. [Gen 21:21]

1876 B.C.
The Sacrifice of Isaac
Abraham went to Mt. Moriah to sacrifice Isaac as commanded by God who was testing his faith. [Gen 22:1-18]


1851 B.C.
Isaac was 40 years old when he took Rebekah as wife.

1831 B.C.
Jacob and Esau, twin sons, were born to Isaac at the age of 60. [Gen 25:26]  Esau was the first of the twins to be born.

1816 B.C.
Abraham died at the age of 175 and was buried along side of Sarah. [Gen 25:7]

1768 B.C.
Ishmael died at the age of 137. [Gen 25:17].  He had 12 sons: (1) Nebajoth, (2) Kedar, (3) Adbeel, (4) Mibsam, (5) Mishma, (6) Dumah, (7) Massa, (8) Hadar (Hadad), (9) Tema, (10) Hetyrm (11) Naphish, (12) Kedemah.

1754 B.C.
Isaac sent Jacob, age 77, to find a wife among the Hebrews. When Jacob arrived in Padan Aram he fell in love with Rachel and made a deal with Laban, her father, to work 7 years for her hand in marriage. [Gen 28:9; 29:15-20]

1747 B.C.
Jacob worked 7 years to have Rachel as his wife. At the end of the 7 years, Laban tricked Jacob and gave him his oldest daughter Leah instead of Rachel, as was the custom (oldest first).  If Jacob wanted Rachel too, he would have to work another 7 years for her. He agreed and Rachel became his wife. [Gen. 29:26-30]


1746 B.C.
Reuben was born to Jacob and Leah. [Gen 29:33]

1744 B.C.
Levi was born to Jacob and Leah. [Gen 29:34]

1743 B.C.
Judah born to Jacob and Leah. [Gen 29:35]
Dan was born to Jacob and Billah (Rachel's handmaid). [Gen 30:61]

1740 B.C.
Joseph was born Jacob and Rachel. [Gen 30:25]
Dinah was born to Jacob and Leah. [Gen 30:21]

1734 B.C.
Jacob left Padan Aram (Haran, Syria) after 20 years. [Gen 31:38-41].  Jacob wrestled with an Angel of the Lord and the Lord changed Jacob's name to Israel. Benjamin was born. Rachel died in childbirth. [Gen 35:9, 16-19]

1723 B.C.
Joseph was 17 years old when his brothers sold him into slavery in Egypt. [Gen 37:1]

1712 B.C.
Joseph was 28 years old when he was sent to prison for 2 years by Potiphar.  Joseph was a good looking man, and Potiphar's wife tried to seduce him and when he refused, she falsely accused him attempting to rape her. [Gen 39:6-20]

1711 B.C.
Isaac died at the age of 180. He was buried by Jacob (Israel) and Esau in Hebron. [Gen 35:28-29]

1710 B.C.
Joseph was 30 years old when he was summoned from prison to interpret Pharaoh's dream of 7 years of plenty and 7 years of severe famine.  Pharaoh was so pleased, he made Joseph vizier, second only to Pharaoh (Gen 41:40)


1684 B.C.
Israel died in Egypt at the age of 147. [Gen 47:28]
The Egyptians allowed Joseph and his brothers to take Israel's body to Canaan for burial, and with them went all the servants of Pharaoh.  Israel was buried in Canaan in the cave of the field of Machpelah and mourned for 7 days. [Gen 49:33, 50:7-8, 13]

1630 B.C.
Joseph died in Egypt at the age of 110.

1575 B.C.
A new pharaoh arose in Egypt who did not know Joseph, and the Egyptians set taskmasters over the Hebrews to afflict them with many burdens.

1526 B.C.
Moses was born to Amram and Jochebed.
Pharaoh of Egypt commanded the midwives that all male Hebrew babies were to be killed at birth. Jochebed kept Moses hidden at home for three months, then she put him in a basket and into the Nile River.  Pharaoh's daughter, Hatshephut, found him while bathing and knowing he was a Hebrew adopted him as her own son. Jochebed was paid by Hatshephut to nurse him until weaned.  Moses was then raised in the court of Pharaoh and educated in all the wisdom of Egypt. [Exo 1:15-19; 2:1-10; Acts 7:22]

1509 B.C.
Joshua born to Nun.

 

1486 B.C.

Moses, at the age of 40, has it in his heart to visit his people, the Hebrews. When he saw an Egyptian beating one of his brethren, he avenged him by killing the Egyptian and buried his body in the sand. Moses then fled from the presence of Pharaoh into the desert of Midian because Pharaoh sought to kill him.  While in the desert, Moses married Zipporah, the daughter of the priest of Midian, who is descended from Abraham and Keturah (Abraham's 2nd wife). Zipporah bore Moses two sons, Gershom and Eliezer.

 

1446 B.C.

The Lord appeared to Moses in a burning bush and commanded him to return to Egypt to lead the children of Israel when He brought them out of Egypt as He had promised. [Exo 3:2-22; 4: 1-17; 7:7]

 

Exodus From Egypt

Moses and Aaron had, by the power of God, demonstrated 9 plagues on Egypt in an attempt to make Pharaoh let the children of Israel go out of Egypt.

 

April 1446 B.C.

The 1st Passover Instituted by God - "The Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, "This month, April (Nisan), shall be your beginning of months; it shall be the first month of the year to you. Speak to all the congregation of Israel, saying: 'On the 10th day of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household... Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year. You may take it from the sheep or the goats. Now you shall keep it until the 14th day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight.  For I will pass through the land of Egypt on that night, and will strike all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the Lord. Now the blood shall be a sign for you on the houses where you are. And when I see the blood, I will pass over you; and the plague shall not be on you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt. So this day shall be to you a memorial'; and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord throughout your generations. You shall keep it as a feast by an everlasting ordinance." [Exo 12:1-14]

 

April 1446 B.C.

Even after the 9 plagues, Pharaoh still refused to let the children of Israel go. However, after the 10th plague, the death of the firstborn of all Egypt including the firstborn of Pharaoh, he begged them to go.

The only ones spared from the 10th plague were those who had put their trust in God's word and were "covered by the blood of the lamb" when the Death Angel passed over at midnight. When the children of Israel left Egypt they asked to be given articles of silver, of gold, and clothing. They also took with them the remains of Joseph as promised. There were about 600,000 men on foot, besides children. And a mixed multitude of others went out with them also. [Exo 12:37-38].  During the Passover night... when the Death Angel struck the firstborn in all Egypt.

 

The children of Israel camped for the night by the Red Sea. Pharaoh made ready his chariot and took his people with him to go after them. He took 600 choice chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt.  Moses was commanded to lift up his rod, and stretch out his hand over the sea and divide it. And the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea. Then Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the Lord caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea into dry land, and the waters were divided. So the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea on the dry ground, and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. The Egyptians went after them into the sea, all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. [Exo 14: 10-26]

 

April 1446 B.C.

In the morning, God took off their chariot wheels, so that they drove them with difficulty.  The Lord told Moses to stretch out his hand over the sea so the waters would come back upon the Egyptians, on their chariots and on their horsemen. Moses did so and when morning appeared, the sea returned to its full depth, while the Egyptians were fleeing into it. The waters covered the chariots, the horsemen, and all the army of Pharaoh. Not so much as one of them remained. [Exo 14: 24-28].  Nothing was said about Pharaoh himself going into or drowning in the Red Sea.

 

April 1446 B.C.

Miracle at Marah - They came to Marah, but they could not drink the waters because they were bitter. The Lord and told Moses to cast a tree into the waters; he did and the waters were made sweet.

 

June 1446 B.C.

In the 3rd month after leaving Egypt, on the same day, they camped before Mt. Sinai. Moses went up Mt. Sinai, but, the people were commanded not to go up to the mountain or touch its base. Whoever touches the mountain shall surely be put to death.

 

June 1446 B.C.

God descends on Mt. Sinai

On the 3rd day, in the morning, there were thunderings and lightnings, and a thick cloud on the mountain; and the sound of the trumpet was very loud, so that all the people who were in the camp trembled.

 

And the Lord called Moses to the top of the mountain, and Moses went up. God commanded Moses to go back down the mountain, and then come back up bringing Aaron with him.

 

Moses went up the mountain, also Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and 70 elders of Israel, and they saw the God of Israel. And there was under His feet as it were a paved work of sapphire stone, and it was like the very heavens in its clarity. [Exo 19: 3-20; 24: 1-10]

 

Then the Lord said to Moses, "Come up to Me on the mountain and I will give you tablets of stone, and the law and commandments which I have written that you may teach them. Then Moses went up into the mountain, and a cloud covered the mountain. Now the glory of the Lord rested on Mt. Sinai and the cloud covered it 6 days. [Exo 24:12-16]

 

June 1446 B.C.

On the 7th  day God called Moses out of the midst of the cloud. The sight of the glory of the Lord was like a consuming fire on the top of the mountain in the eyes of the children of Israel. Moses was on the mountain 40 days.

The Lord told Moses about the Tabernacle, the Priesthood, sacrifices and everything that went with it. [Exo 24-31]

 

July 1446 B.C.

When the people saw that Moses delayed coming down from the mountain, they gathered together and came to Aaron, and said to him, "Come make us gods that shall go before us.Ē  So Aaron did as they asked, and made for them a golden calf. [Exo 32: 1-6]  Then God told Moses to get down off the mountain for the people have corrupted themselves. When Moses came down off the mountain, the two tablets of the Testimony were in his hand. The tablets were written on both sides, and the writing was the writing of God.  As soon as he entered the camp he saw the calf and the dancing. Moses became furious and threw down the tablets and broke them at the foot of the mountain. Then he took the calf which they had made, burned it in the fire, and ground it to powder; and scattered it on the water and made the children of Israel drink it. [Exo 32: 8-20]

 

July 1446 B.C.

The Lord commanded Moses to make two more stone tablets and bring them to the mountain.  Moses was on the mountain with the Lord 40 days and 40 nights, he neither ate nor drank.  God re-wrote the 10 commandments.

 

August 1446 B.C.

The Tabernacle is built - When Moses came down from the mountain he commanded that the Tabernacle be built.

 

May 1444 B.C.

On the 1st day of the 2nd month, in the 2nd year after they had come out of Egypt, every male individually from 20 years old and above - all who are able to go to war in Israel, except the tribe of Levi. The Levites were in charge of the tabernacle. All who were numbered were 603, 550. [Num 1:1-46]

 

June 1444 B.C.

Spies sent to Canaan - The Lord told Moses to send one man from each tribe to Canaan to spy out the land. The descendants of Anak were there. [Num. 13:1-3, 28]  The Anak were giants. Possibly more sons of the "sons of God and the daughters of men." The Bible states that these giants were on the earth both before and after the Flood.

 

July 1444 B.C.

The spies return from Canaan - After 40 days, the 12 leaders returned to Moses. All but two, Joshua and Caleb, didn't trust the Lord and gave a negative report. They didn't believe that they could "take" Canaan as the Lord had promised.

 

The Lord was furious and said to Moses, "As I live... the carcasses of you who have murmured against Me shall fall in the wilderness, except Joshua and Caleb. According to the number of days in which you spied out the land, 40 days, for each day you shall bear your guilt one year, namely 40 years. [Num 14: 6-34]

 

August 1406 B.C.

The Death of Aaron on Mt. Hor - Following the 40 years of wandering, Aaron went up to Mt. Hor at the command of the Lord, and died there in the 40th year after the children of Israel had come out of the land of Egypt.

 

The Death of Moses

Moses died on his 120th birthday on Mt. Nebo. His eyes were not dim nor his natural vigor abated.

 

So the days of weeping and mourning for Moses ended. Joshua is now the leader of the children of Israel. [Deu 34:8-9].  Joshua sent two spies to Jericho. [Josh 2:1]

 

April 1405 B.C.

Joshua and the Children of Israel crossed the Jordan River... heading for Jericho. [Josh 3:1]

 

The Judges

1399 B.C.

Joshua died at the age of 110 after he gives the children of Israel their inheritance the promised land. [Jos 24:29]  After Joshua and all the leaders died, the children of Israel began to worship and serve other gods. The Lord became very angry and made them serve King Cushan-Rishathaim of Mesopotamia for 8 years.

 

1391 B.C.

The children of Israel cried out and God sent them a deliverer. Othniel, the younger brother of Caleb. He defeated the Mesopotamians and judged the Israelites. [Jud 3:9]

 

1351 B.C.

Othniel died, he had judged Israel for 40 years.  After his death the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of God and served and worshiped the Baals and Asherahs. So the Lord gave them into the hand of King Eglon of Moab for 18 years. [Jud 3:8]

 

1333 B.C.

The children of Israel again cried out and the Lord sent them Ehud. Ehud killed King Eglon and defeated the Moabites. [Jud 3:16-30]

 

1253 B.C.

Ehud died, judged Israel for 80 years. [Jud 3:29]  After Ehud died the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of the Lord. So the Lord sold them into the hand of King Jabin of Canaan who harshly oppressed them for 20 years. [Jud 4:1-3]

 

1233 B.C.

When the children of Israel cried out to the Lord, He sent Deborah, a prophetess, who was judging Israel at that time. Deborah, Barak and Jael defeated King Jabin of Canaan and his army. [Jud 4:4-24]

 

1193 B.C.

Deborah died, and Israel had rest for 40 years.  But, again the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord. So He delivered them into the hand of Midian for 7 years. [Jud 5:31; 6:1]

 

1186 B.C.

Israel was greatly impoverished because of the Midianites, and the children of Israel cried out to the Lord. the Lord sent Gideon and he defeated the Midianites with 300 men.

 

1146 B.C.

Gideon died, and the country was quiet for 40 years in the days of Gideon. [Jud 8:29]  After Gideon died, the children of Israel again were evil in the sight of God - Abimelech, son of Gideon, went to his father's house and killed 70 of his brothers, all except Jotham, the youngest. Then the men of Shechem made Abimelech king.

 

1143 B.C.

Abimelech reigned as king over Israel for 3 years.  After Abimelech Tola, son of Puah son of Dodo from Issachar, judged Israel. [Jud 9:22; 10:1]

 

1123 B.C.

Tola died and was buried in Shamir. He judged Israel for 20 years. After Tola died, Jair, a Gileadite became judge of Israel. [Jud 10:2-3]

 

1101 B.C.

Jair died and was buried in Camon. He had judged Israel for 22 years. The children of Israel again did evil in the sight of the Lord, and served the Baals and Ashtoreths, the gods of Syria, Sidon, Moab, Ammon, and the Philistines. So the anger of the Lord was again aroused and He sold them into the hands of the Philistines and Ammonites. They harassed and oppressed Israel for 18 years. [Jud 10:3-8]

 

1095 B.C.

Jair the Gileadite died. He was judge for 6 years. Ibzan then became the judge of Israel. [Jud 12:7]

 

1088 B.C.

Ibzan died and was buried in Bethlehem. He was judge for 7 years. Elon became the judge of Israel.

 

1083 B.C.

The Philistines and Ammonites were suppressed. The children of Israel lived in peace all the days of the judges.

 

1078 B.C.

Elon died. He judged Israel for 10 years. Abdon then became judge of Israel. [Jud 12:12-15]

 

1070 B.C.

Abdon died, he judged Israel for 8 years. [Jud 13:1]  Again the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord and He delivered them into the hands of the Philistines for 40 years.  About this time, the Angel of the Lord appeared to Manoah and his wife and were told that their as yet unborn son Samson would begin to deliver Israel from the Philistines. [Jud 13:1-5]

 

The Kings of Israel

1050 B.C.

Samson died, he judged Israel for 20 years. The children of Israel wanted a king over them like the other nations. So the Lord had Samuel anoint Saul as king of Israel. [Jud 16:31; 1 Sam 10:1]

 

1038 B.C.

King Saul did not obey the commands of the Lord, and was rejected as king by God in the 2nd year of his reign. [1 Sam 13:1-14]

 

1031 B.C.

When Israel went out to battle the Philistines, the Ark of God was captured and taken to Ashdod and into the temple of Dagon the fish god, where it remained for 7 months.  When Eli the priest, age 98, heard about the Ark he fell, broke his neck and died. He had judged Israel for 40 years.

 

1030 B.C.

The Philistines were ravaged and struck by God with tumors. They couldn't get the Ark of God away from Ashdod fast enough.  They sent it by cart to Beth Shemesh. From Beth Shemesh it went to Kirjath Jarim, where it stayed in the house of Abinadab for 20 years. Samuel defeated the Philistines and ended their 40 year oppression of Israel. About this time David, age about 10, killed Goliath. [1 Sam 5:1-7, 17:40-48]

 

1011 B.C.

The prophet Samuel died. He had judged Israel all his life. He died before King Saul. [1 Sam 28:3]

 

1010 B.C.

King Saul consulted a medium (a fortune teller, a psychic) instead of the Lord. He, and his sons, died in battle with the Philistines the next day. King Saul had reigned over Israel for 40 years.  David, age 30, became king of Israel. King David went to the house of Abinadab in Kirjath Jarim and brought the Ark of God to Jerusalem. [Acts 13:21, 2 Sam 2:10, 5:4, 6:1-16]

 

970 B.C.

King David died at the age of 70. He reigned over Israel for 40 years. His son Solomon reigned in his place. [1 Kin 2:10-12]

 

966 B.C.

The First Temple Built

In the 480th year after the children of Israel had come out of Egypt, in the 4th year of his reign, King Solomon began to build the Temple of God. [1 Kin 6:1]

 

959 B.C.

The house of the Lord is finished. It took King Solomon 7 years to finish it.  Then he started building his own palace.[1 Kin 6:2, 37-38]  Sometime in his early reign King Solomon married an Egyptian Princess, daughter of Pharaoh Psusennes (r. c. 959-945 B.C.) of the of the 21st Dynasty. And he built her a house. [1 Kin 7:8]

 

946 B.C.

King Solomon finished building his palace. Whereas it took only 7 years to complete the house of God, it took him 13 years to finish his palace. [1 Kin 6:38; 7:1]

 

930 B.C.

King Solomon died. He reigned over Israel for 40 years. His son Rehoboam, age 41, reigned in his place. [1 Kin 11:42]  King Solomon was at least 60 years old, since his son was 41, when he died.

 

Israel Split: Kings of Israel and Judah

In this year Israel was split, King Rehoboam reigned over Judah (J) only. Jeroboam I, son of Nebat and servant to King Solomon, ruled over the other 10 tribes of Israel (I). [1 Kin 11:42; 12:20]  The designations I and II are used to alleviate any confusion that may be caused between this king and Jeroboam the son of King Jehoash of Israel. Also (J) = king of Judah, and (I) = king of Israel

 

925 B.C.

In the 5th year of Rehoboam's (J) reign, Pharaoh Shishak I of Egypt (r. c. 945-925) attacked Jerusalem. He took all the treasures of the Temple and the palace. [1 Kin 14:25-26]

 

909 B.C.

King Jeroboam I (I) died. He reigned 22 years in Samaria. Nadab, his son, becomes king. [1 Kin 14:20]  King Nadab of Israel did evil in the sight of the Lord by continuing his father's idolatry.

  

[1 Kings 16:28-29]

King Ahab married Jezebel the daughter of King Ethbaal of Sidon. King Ahab served Baal and worshiped him. He set up an altar for Baal in the temple of Baal, which he had built in Samaria. He made a wooden image. He did more to provoke the Lord to anger than all the kings who were before him. [1 Kings 16:30-33]

Elijah and Elisha were prophets of God in the days of King Ahab. [1 Kin 17:1]

Queen Jezebel massacred the prophets of the Lord. Obadiah who was in charge of King Ahab's house rescued 100 of the Lords prophets by hiding them in caves and feeding them bread and water. [1 Kings 18:3-4]

Elijah challenged 450 prophets of Baal to prove who was God, the Lord or Baal. The prophets of Baal lost, and Elijah executed them by the Brook Kishon. [1 Kings 18:21-40]

 

871 B.C.

Prophecy Fulfilled [Joshua 6:26]

King Asa (J) died. He reigned 41 years in Jerusalem. His son, Jehoshaphat, reigned in his place in the 4th year of King Ahab (I). [1 Kin 22:41]

 

The Assyrian Captivity of the 10 Tribes of Israel

701 B.C.

King Hoshea (I), and the 10 tribes of Israel in Samaria, were captured and taken to Assyria by Sargon II in the 9th year of Hoshea, which was the 6th year of Hezekiah. [2 Kin 18:10]

 

698 B.C.

King Ahaz (J) died at age 36. He reigned 16 years. [2 Kin 16:1].  Hezekiah, age 25, son of King Ahaz (J) became king. [2 Kin 16:20]

 

692 B.C.

King Hezekiah became sick and near death in the 14th year of his reign. The Lord healed him and added 15 years to his life. [2 Kin 18:13]

 

691 B.C.

Manasseh (J), age 12, son of King Hezekiah (J) became regent of Judah.

 

679 B.C.

King Hezekiah (J) died at age 54. His son, Manasseh reigned in his place. [2 Kin 21:1]  The Prophet Nahum prophesied during the reign of King Manasseh.

 

637 B.C.

King Manasseh (J) died at the age of 66. He reigned 54 years. Then his son Amon, age 22, became king. [2 Kin 21:19]

 

636 B.C.

King Amon (J) died at age 24. He reigned 1 year. His son Josiah, age 31, became king in his place. [2 Kin 22:1]  The Prophets Zephaniah and Jeremiah prophesied during the reign of King Josiah.

 

623 B.C.

The Word of the Lord came to the Prophet Jeremiah, son of Hilkiah the priest, in the 13th year of King Josiah. [Jer 1:1]

 

606 B.C.

King Josiah (J) is killed at Megiddo by Pharaoh Necho II. [2 Kin 23:29]  Jehoahaz, son of King Josiah, at the age of 23 was made king of Judah by the people. [2 Kin 23:30-31]

Jeremiah prophesied during the reign of King Jehoahaz.

Pharaoh Necho II made Eliakim, age 25, son of King Josiah (J) king, and changed his name to Jehoiakim. He became a vassal of King Nebuchadnezzar. [2 Kin 23:34]

Jeremiah, Daniel, and Habakkuk prophesied during the reign of King Jehoiakim.

King Jehoahaz was taken to Egypt by Pharaoh Necho II and he died there. [2 Kin 23:34]

 

The Babylonian Captivity

605 B.C.

King Nebuchadnezzar becomes king in Babylon. [2 Kin 25:8]

 

604 B.C.

King Nebuchadnezzar had a vision of a statue with a head of fine gold, chest & arms of silver, thighs of bronze, legs partly of iron and partly of clay. [Dan 2:32-33]  In his 2nd year, King Nebuchadnezzar built his image of gold. It was 90 ft high and 9 ft wide. He demanded everyone bow down to it or be thrown alive into a fiery furnace. Hananiah (Shadrach), Mishael (Meshach), and Azariah (Abed Nego) refused and were thrown into the furnace, where one like the Son of God appeared with them. They came out untouched by the fire... to the amazement of the Babylonians. [Dan 3:22-26]

 

598 B.C.

In the 7th year of his reign King Nebuchadnezzar took 3,023 people captive to Babylon. [Jer 52:28]

 

597 B.C.

King Jehoiakim, age 36, was taken captive to Babylon by King Nebuchadnezzar. His son, Jehoiachin age 18, became king in his place. [2 Kin 24:7-8]  King Jehoiachin (J) reigned 3 months and 10 days, then King Nebuchadnezzar (8th year of his reign) took him, his mother, his wives, his servants, his princes, and his officers captive to Babylon. [2 Kin 24:12-15]  Jeremiah, Daniel & Ezekiel prophesied during the reign of King Jehoiachin.

King Nebuchadnezzar made Mattaniah, brother to Jehoiakim (and Jehoiachin's uncle), king in his place. He changed his name to Zedekiah. [2 Kin 24:17]

Jeremiah, Daniel, & Ezekiel prophesy during the reign of King Zedekiah.

 

588 B.C.

In the 17th year of his reign, King Nebuchadnezzar and all his army came against Jerusalem and camped against it. They built a siege wall all around Jerusalem. Jerusalem was besieged until the 11th year of King Zedekiah. [2 Kin 25:1-2; Eze 24:1]

 

587 B.C.

In the 18th year of King Nebuchadnezzar's reign, he took 832 more people captive to Babylon. [Jer 52:29]

 

586 B.C.

By the 19th year of the reign of King Nebuchadnezzar, and the 11th year of King Zedekiah, the famine had become so severe in Jerusalem that there was no food for the people. The city wall was broken through, and all the men of war fled at night.

 

586 B.C.

In the 5th month, on the 7th day of the month, Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, came to Jerusalem. He burned the Temple and King Zedekiah's palace and all the houses of the great men of Jerusalem with fire. Then the army of the Chaldeans who were with Nebuzaradan broke down the walls of Jerusalem all around. [2 Kin 25:8-9].  King Solomon's Temple, the first, stood for 378 years (964-586). The 70 years of Babylonian captivity begins. From this date on, until 14 May 1948, Israel as a self governing nation ceased to exist. The children of Israel were referred to as Jews by the Babylonians.

 

582 B.C.

In the 23rd year of King Nebuchadnezzar, Nebuzaradan, the captain of the guard, took 745 people captive to Babylon. [Jer 52:30]
 

The Return from Captivity

539 B.C.

King Belshazzar of Babylon gave a great feast and drank wine from the gold and silver vessels from the Lord's Temple. That same night Kings Darius (Medes) and Cyrus (Persia) attacked Babylon. King Belshazzar was killed and Babylon was divided between the Medes and Persians. [Dan 5:1-5, 30]

 

538 B.C.

The 2nd Temple

1st Return From Exile

In the 1st year of his reign, King Cyrus allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem and rebuild the Temple.

In the 7th month, the Jews finished building the foundation of the temple. An altar and sacrificial offering to the Lord was made on the foundation of the temple. Because of opposition, all further work on the building of the temple was suspended until the 2nd year of Darius the Great, about 520 B.C..

 

535 B.C.

Work on the Temple in Jerusalem begins, and is stopped.

 

519 B.C.

In the 2nd year of King Darius, while the wealthier members of the Jews were busily building nice homes for themselves, they made no effort at all to pursue the task of rebuilding the temple of the Lord.  Haggai was directed by the Lord to stir up the people of Judah and Jerusalem to start building on the foundation (Haggai 1:3-4).  On the 24th day of the 6th month, the Jewish governor Zerubbabel and the high priest Jeshua, began to rebuild the 2nd temple on the foundation that was laid 16 years before. [Haggai 1:15]

 

516 B.C.

The 2nd Jewish Temple is completed. The Babylonian captivity ends after 70 years. [Ezra 6:15]

 

515 B.C.

The first Passover since the captivity is joyfully celebrated.

 

466 B.C.

2nd Return from Exile

On the 1st day of the 1st month Ezra began his journey from Babylon. [Ezra 6:9].  Ezra prayed for the Jews, that they should put away their pagan wives and turn to the Lord. On this day the people of Judah and Benjamin came to Jerusalem to settle the matter of foreign wives. [Ezra 9-10]

 

453 B.C.

14 April 453 B.C.

3rd Return from Exile

In the 20th year of King Artaxerxes I, Nehemiah was made governor of Jerusalem and allowed to return and rebuild. [Neh 5:14].  From this date, there are 483 years until Messiah is "cut off" (Jesus crucified, 30 AD 453-483=30 A.D.).

 

The Roman Empire

69 B.C.

Cleopatra born to Ptolemy VII Auletes in Alexandria, Egypt.

 

63 B.C.

Palestine was conquered by the Roman General Pompey.  Antipater, a descendant of Esau was appointed ruler of Judea.

 

51 B.C.

Ptolemy VII Auletes dies and his eldest daughter reigns as Queen Cleopatra VII of Egypt at the age of 18.

There was anarchy abroad and famine at home. 

 

47 B.C.

Julius Caesar and Cleopatra's son, Caesarion (Ptolemy Caesar), was born.

 

44 B.C.

On the Ides of March, Julius Caesar, age 55, was assassinated, in a conspiracy by his Senators, outside the Senate Building in Rome.  Augustus (Octavian) Caesar, becomes Emperor of Rome.

 

41 B.C..

Cleopatra was invited by Mark Antony to Tarsus in 41 B.C..

 

37 B.C.

Antipater died. He was succeeded by his son, Herod the Great. He was appointed procurator of Judea by Julius Caesar (procurator = governor)

 

30 B.C.

Mark Antony committed suicide by falling on his own sword.  After Antony's death, Cleopatra was taken to Egypt to be displayed as a slave in the cities she had ruled over.  She would not live this way, so she had an asp, (an Egyptian cobra), brought to her hidden in a basket of figs. She died on August 12, 30 B.C. at the age of 39.  After her death, the Roman Emperors came to rule in Egypt.  Cleopatra was the last Pharaoh of Egypt.

 

 

Birth of Jesus Christ

Augustus Caesar issued a decree that everyone in Israel should be registered. [Luk 2:1]

John the Baptist was born 6 months before Jesus to Elizabeth and Zacharias. [Luk 1:13, 26-36]

Joseph and Mary went to Bethlehem to be registered and Jesus Christ was born.

Joseph and Mary clearly had 5 other children after Jesus was born: James, Jose, Simon, Judas and a sister, Salome.

Mary was probably about 15 years old when Jesus was born. Joseph was probably quite a bit older than Mary. [Matt 1:22; 13:55-56; Acts 1:13-14]

Wise men had seen His star in the east and had come to Jerusalem looking for the new King of the Jews so they could worship Him. [Mat 2:1-2]

Joseph was warned in a dream by God not to return to Jerusalem, but to go to Egypt. [Mat 2:13-14]

Shortly before his death, King Herod the Great, spoke with the wise men trying to learn the exact location of Jesus. When he had no luck with them, he summoned the scribes and chief priests and inquired of them. They told him, "Bethlehem." He then ordered all baby boys in Bethlehem, aged 2 years and under slaughtered... in the hopes of eliminating this new King of the Jews. [Mic 5:2; Mat 2:3-11]

 

13 March 4 B.C.

King Herod the Great died in severe agony.  King Herod's kingdom was divided among his 3 sons. Herod Antipas was given Galilee and Peraea (east of Jordan). Herod Philippos received Gaulanitis, Trachonitis, Batanaea, and Panias. Herod Archelaus was made Tetrarch of Judea, Samaria, and Idumaea.

 

A.D.

9:

Herod Antipas tetrarch of Galilee. Herod Archelaus Tetrarch of Judea, Samaria, and Idumaea.

Jesus sits in the Temple. He listened to and instructed the teachers.

Sometime after 9 AD Joseph died... as he is not mentioned again.

 

19 August 14

Augustus Caesar died of natural causes at the age of 75. He was succeeded by Tiberius Claudius Nero.

 

28:

In the 15th year of Tiberius Caesar, John the Baptist and Jesus began their ministries. [Luk 3:1, 23]

 

29:

John the Baptist was beheaded by King Herod at the request of his daughter Salome.

 

30 A.D.

Last Week of Christ's Life

Sunday, 9 April 30

Six days before Passover Jesus went to Bethany and visited Martha and Mary. [John 12:1]

 

Monday, 10 April 30

The next day, Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey.  A great multitude took branches of palm trees and went out to meet Him, and cried out: "Hosanna! 'Blessed is He who comes in the name of the Lord!'  Fulfilled prophecy: "Speak to the congregation of Israel, saying: On the 10th day of this month every man shall take for himself a lamb, according to the house of his father, a lamb for a household." [Exo 12:3]  "Rejoice greatly, O daughter of Zion! Shout, O daughter of Jerusalem! Behold, your King is coming to you, He is just and having salvation, lowly and riding on a donkey, a colt, the foal of a donkey." [Zec 9:9]

 

Wednesday, 12 April 30 A.D.

Jesus reminded his disciples that in two days He would be delivered up to be crucified. [Matt 26:2]

The chief priests, the scribes, and the elders of the people assembled at the palace of Caiaphas the high priest and plotted to take Jesus by trickery and kill him.  Jesus left the Temple and taught His disciples. [Mar 13:1-36]

 

Thursday, 13 April 30

Jesus anointed by a woman in the house of Simon the leper. 

Judas was upset at the waste of money and went to the chief priests and asked what they would give him to betray Jesus to them. They counted out 30 pieces of silver. From that time on he sought an opportunity to betray Him. [Mat 26:6-16]

Fulfilled Prophecy: "Then I said to them, 'If it is agreeable to you, give me my wages; and if not, refrain.' So they weighed out for my wages 30 pieces of silver."[Zec 11:12]

 

The Trial and Crucifixion of Jesus Christ

Passover / Feast of Unleavened Bread / Day of Preparation for the Sabbath

Friday, 14 April 30:

Just after sunset Jesus ate the Passover with His disciples.

Judas leaves at sometime during the meal to betray Him.

Peter is told by Jesus that before the rooster crows twice he will deny he even knows Him three times.

Then Jesus and His 11 remaining disciples go across the Brook Kidron to the Garden of Gethsemane on the Mt. of Olives to pray. [Mat 26:20; Mar 14:17; Luk 22:14; Joh 13:1; 18:1]

Judas and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees, came to the Garden of Gethsemane.  Judas pointed Jesus out to them saying, "Rabbi, Rabbi," then kissing Him.

Peter drew his sword and cut off the right ear of Malchus, the servant of Caiaphas the high priest. Jesus scolded Peter and healed Malchus.

Brought Jesus to the house of Annas (father-in-law of Caiaphas).

The 11 disciples forsook Jesus and fled, but Peter and John followed Him. John had a linen cloth around his naked body. And the young men laid hold of John and he left the linen cloth and fled from them naked. [Mar 14:43-45, 51-52; Joh 18:10-13]

Jesus is given a mock trial, blindfolded, spat on, and beaten. Annas sent Him bound to Caiaphas.

The chief priests, the elders, and all the council sought false testimony against Him to put Him to death, but even though many false witnesses came forward, they found none. Jesus didn't open His mouth unless asked to swear by God. Again He is beaten. [Mar 14:65]

 

Friday, 14 April 30: Sunrise

Very early in the morning, the chief priests and elders bound Jesus and led Him from Caiaphas' palace to Pontius Pilate (governor of Judea) at the Praetorium.

When Pilate learned that Jesus was from Galilee, he told the Jews this was not his problem and sent Him bound to King Herod Antipas.

Peter had denied Jesus three times, then the rooster crowed.

Judas tried to return the 30 pieces of silver he'd gotten from the chief priests for betraying Jesus. They refused to take it back so he threw it on the floor of the Temple and went out and hung himself on a tree. [Matt 27:3-5; Acts 1:18]

Herod wanted to see Jesus perform a miracle but Jesus would not comply nor even open His mouth to answer him. Herod and his soldiers, treated Jesus with contempt. They put on Him a gorgeous robe, and mocked Him. Then, as Herod found no fault in Jesus, he removed the robe, but not the crown of thorns, and sent Him back to Pilate.

After speaking to Him, Pontius Pilate told the Jewish religious leaders he found no fault in Jesus worthy of death. He proposed to chastise Him and release Him.

He reminded them of the custom of releasing one prisoner each Passover. The chief priests and elder persuaded the multitudes that they should ask for Barabas, a convicted insurrectionist and murderer, instead of Jesus.

When Pilate asked what they wanted him to do with Jesus they said, "Crucify Him!"

Pilate released Barabbas and sent Jesus into the Praetorium and gathered the whole garrison around Him. They striped Him and put a scarlet and purple robe on Him. They then twisted a crown of thorns and put it on His head, and put a reed in His right hand. They bowed before Him and mocked saying, "Hail, King of the Jews!" Then they spat on Him, took the reed and beat Him on the head with it.  Afterward they removed the robe and put His own clothes back on Him and led Him out to be crucified. Simon, a Cyrenian, was told to carry Jesus' cross.

 

Friday, 14 April 30: 3rd Hour

Jesus is nailed to a cross on Golgotha, between two thieves.  Fulfilled Prophecy: "And after 62 weeks (62x7=434 years) Messiah shall be cut off, but not for Himself... Dan 9:26]

 

Friday, 14 April 30: 6th Hour

Now from 6th hour until the 9th hour there was darkness over all the land. [Mat 26:45]

 

Friday, 14 April 30: 9th Hour

About the 9th hour Jesus cried out, "Eli, Eli, lama sabachthani?" (My God, My God, Why have You forsaken Me?)

Someone offered Him sour wine on a sponge to drink and He refused it.

He then cried out again in a loud voice and yielded up His spirit.

The sun was darkened and the Temple veil was torn in two from top to bottom.

There was an earthquake, rocks and graves were split open.

Fulfilled Prophecy: "Now you shall keep it (the lamb) until the 14th day of the same month (Nisan/April). Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight. [Exo 12:6,10]

 

Friday, 14 April 30: Evening

When evening had come, because it was the day before the Sabbath, Joseph of Arimathea asked Pilate for the body of Jesus.

Pilate marveled that He was already dead; and summoning the centurion, he asked him if he had been dead for some time.

Then he released Jesus' body to Joseph. Joseph bought fine linen, took Jesus down from the cross, wrapped Him in the linen and laid Him in the tomb and rolled a stone against the door.

Fulfilled Prophecy: "You shall let none of it (lamb) remain until morning." [Exo 12: 10]

 

Saturday, 15 April 30

Feast of Unleaven Bread - Weekly Sabbath

Mary Magdalene and Mary, the mother of Jesus, returned and prepared spices, and they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment. [Exo 20:8-11]  On the next day (Sabbath), which followed the Day of Preparation, the chief priest and Pharisees went to Pontius Pilate asking him for a guard to be posted at the tomb until the 3rd day.

 

The Resurrection of Jesus Christ

Sunday, 16 April 30

Feast of First Fruits

There was a great earthquake for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and rolled back the stone from the door and sat on it.

The guards shook with fear of him and became like dead men.

With the earthquake, graves were opened, and many bodies of the saints who had fallen asleep were raised; and coming out of the graves after His resurrection, they went into the holy city and appeared to many.

On the 1st day of the week, Mary Magdalene came to the tomb early, while it was still dark. Mary (Jesus mother) arrived at the tomb when the sun had risen. The angel told the women that Jesus was not here, that he has risen, and to go tell the disciples. [Mar 16: 1-2; Joh 20:1]

Mary Magdalene looked into the tomb and saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and one at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain. She turned around and saw a man standing there whom she did not recognize until He spoke to her, then she knew it was Jesus.

Jesus appeared a second time as the women were going to tell the disciples about Jesus' resurrection.

Peter and John returned to the tomb. Peter looked into the tomb and saw that Jesus was indeed gone. They returned to their homes and mourned Him as they did not yet understand what they had been told of the resurrection.

Two disciples (one named Cleopas) while walking to Emmaus (7 miles from Jerusalem) Jesus appeared to them, but they did not know Him.

Jesus walked with them and told them of all the prophecy concerning Himself.

Then, while Jesus sat and ate with them, He broke bread and blessed it, and their eyes were opened and they knew who He was.

Then Jesus disappeared from their sight.

These two returned to Jerusalem to the house where the disciples were and told them of the incident.

 

Monday, 24 April 30

Eight days later, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in their midst. He showed His hands and His side to doubting Thomas as proof of who He was. Then He ate with them.

 

The Ascension

Sunday, 23 May 30 A.D.

"You will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and the end of the earth" Now when he had spoken these things, while they watched, He was taken up, and a cloud received Him out of their sight. And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as He went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel, who also said, "Men of Galilee, why do you stand gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will so come in like manner as you saw Him go into heaven."

 

Pentecost - Feast of Harvest

Sunday, 4 June 30 A.D.

When the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they (the 11 disciples, Jesus' mother Mary, and His brothers) were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly there came a sound from heaven, as of a rushing mighty wind, and it filled the whole house where they were sitting. Then there appeared to them divided tongues, as of fire, and one sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak with other tongues, as the Spirit gave them utterance. [Acts 2:1-4]

Matthais was chosen to replace Judas Iscariot as the 12th Apostle.

Stephen, Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, Nicolas were chosen as the first deacons of the church, and put in charge of daily distributions. [Acts 6:1-8]

Stephen was accused of speaking blasphemous words against Moses and God. Saul watched, and consented, as the people stone Stephen to death [Acts 6:9 - 7:1-60; 8:1]

Saul made havoc of the church, entering every house, and dragging off men and women, committing them to prison. Therefore those who were scattered went everywhere preaching the word. [Acts 8:3-4]

After many days the Jews plotted to kill Saul, but when their plot became known the disciples took him at night, and let him down through the wall in a large basket. When Saul came into Jerusalem he tried to join the other disciples, but they were afraid of him. Barnabas introduced him to them and told of his conversion and his preaching. Saul began to preach. When the Hellenists attempted to kill him, the disciples took him to Caesarea and sent him to Tarsus.

Barnabas went to Tarsus to find Saul and when he found him he brought him to Antioch, Syria. They stayed there for a whole year. It was at Antioch that the disciples were first called Christians. [Acts 11:25-27]

 

Saul's Conversion

Saul, still breathing threats and murder against the disciples, went to the high priest and asked letters from him to the synagogues of Damascus, so that if he found any who were of the Way, whether men or women, he might bring them bound to Jerusalem. On his way to Damascus, a light shone around him from heaven. Then he fell to the ground and heard a voice saying, "Saul, Saul, why are you persecuting Me?" He trembled and was astonished and ask the Lord what He want him to do. Jesus told him to go into the city, and you will be told what you must do. Saul arose from the ground, and when his eyes were opened he was blind. But they led him by the hand and brought him into Damascus. He was 3 days without sight. He neither ate nor drank. Ananias was sent to Saul by God to open his eyes. Paul began to preach to the Jews [Acts 9:1-20]

 

15-22 April 44 A.D.

Passover / Feast of Unleaven Bread

Death of Herod Agrippa I

Herod Agrippa I arrayed in royal apparel, sat on his throne and gave an oration... And the people kept shouting, "The voice of a god and not of a man." then immediately an angel of the Lord struck him, because he did not give glory to God. And he was eaten by worm and died. [Acts 12:23].

There was a great famine in the land in the reign of Emperor Claudius. The disciples, each according to his ability, determined to send relief to the brethren in Judea. This they did, and sent it to the elders by the hands of Barnabas and Paul. [Acts:11:28-30]

 

First Missionary Journey

From Antioch (Syria) to Seleucia, sailed from there to Cyprus. Passed through Salamis to Pahphos where the was a sorcerer named Elymas. The proconsul Sergius Paulus believed and was saved. They went from Cyprus to Perga in Pamphylia where Mark left them and returned to Jerusalem. From Pergia they went to Antioch (Pisidia). In Antioch the unbelieving Jews stirred up the people against them, they then went to Iconium. In Iconium the Jews again stirred up the people against them, but this time Barnabas and Paul stayed a long time, until the Jews again stirred up the people. They went to Lystra. In Lystra Paul healed a man who had been crippled from birth. The people immediately thought they were gods and began worshiping them. Paul and Barnabas tried to correct them to no avail. While in Lystra the Jews from Antioch (Pisidia) and Iconium came there and persuaded the people to kill Paul. He was stoned, dragged outside the city, and left for dead. But when the disciples gathered around him, he got up and went back into the city. The next day they left for Derbe. They returned to Lystra, Iconium and Antioch (Peridia), Perga, and Attalia... then home to Antioch (Syria). [Acts 13:4-51 - 14:1-26]

 

Second Missionary Journey

Barnabas wanted to take John Mark, but Paul refused. The contentions grew strong and the parted company. Paul was with Silas on this journey. Antioch to Lystra. In Lystra Paul meets Timothy he travels with Paul from now on. In Troas Luke joins Paul, as noted by the "we" and "they" statements. In Philippi, Paul and Silas are beaten with rods and thrown in prison because Paul cast out the fortune-telling demon in the slave girl. A great earthquake opened the prison doors. They stay only a short time in Thessalonica, but made many converts. Berea is where many were converted. Athens was the home of Pericles, Socrates, Domothenes, and Plato; center of Philosophy, Literature, Science and Art; seat of the greatest university of the ancient world; meeting place of intelligentsia; and wholly given to idolatry. Corinth was a principal city of the Roman Empire. Paul stayed here for 1Ĺ. He met Priscilla and Aquila in Corinth. [Acts 15:36 - 18:22]

 

Spring:

Paul leaves Corinth and reaches Jerusalem at Pentecost; goes to Antioch

 

Fall:

Third Missionary Journey

Paul goes to Ephesus. Ephesus was a magnificent city with a population of 225,000. The main industry was in association with the goddess Diana, ie., statues, trinkets, etc. When multitudes of Diana worshipers came to Christ, it put a lot of people out of business. Paul remained in Ephesus for 3 years. Magicians, who pretended to work miracles, were so over-awed that they made a great bonfire and burned their books.

 

June 57 A.D.:

Paul leaves Ephesus He was in Macedonia in the summer and fall. He sailed from Philippi and returned to Antioch (Syria).

 

June 58 A.D.:

Paul's Trial

Paul returns to Jerusalem and after a week goes to the Temple, and was mobbed by the Jews. The commander of the garrison saved him from the mob, but bound him with two chains and was about to have him scourged when Paul told him he was a Roman citizen, and uncondemned. Immediately he was unbound. After the commander heard testimony he assigned 470 soldiers to take Paul to Caesarea by night. In Caesarea Paul was put in Herodís Praetorium and held until Felix, governor of Judea came. When testimony was heard by Felix, and it was Paul's turn to defend himself. Paul was kept in Caesarea in "protective custody" for 2 years [Acts 21:17 - 26:1-32]

 

60:

Felix is recalled and is succeeded by Poricus Festus as governor of Judea. Paul appeared before Festus and was again accused by the Jews. But when he knew that Festus was thinking of releasing him, he appealed to Caesar. After some days King Agrippa II came to Caesarea with his wife Bernice to visit Festus. Herod told Festus he would have released him if he had not appealed to Caesar. [Acts 25:1-13]

 

Paul's Journey to Rome

In the fall Paul and some other prisoners were sent by boat to Rome, guarded by Julius a centurion. Aristarchus and Luke went with him. They sailed past Cyprus, and came to Myra. In Myra the centurion found an Alexandrian ship sailing to Italy. With high winds and difficulty aimed for the harbor of Phoenix on Crete. However, a northeaster arose and blew them off course. [Acts 27:1 - 28:16]

 

61 A.D.:

When neither sun nor stars appeared for many days all hope of being saved was given up. Paul related that an angel had appeared and told him that he had to appear before Caesar and there would be no loss of life on this journey to Rome. But on the 14th night they feared they would run aground, as the depth was 15 fathoms (90 feet) they dropped four anchors. Paul told the centurion that unless the men stay in the ship they cannot be saved. There was 276 men on the ship. They discovered the island was called Malta (Melita). Paul was gathering sticks and was bitten by a viper, he shook it off and was ok. The natives thought he was a god. Paul healed the father of Publius was sick with a fever and dysentery. After 3 months they sailed to Syracuse and stayed there 3 days. From there they sailed to Rhegium. And two days later came to Puteoli. There were brethren there and they stayed with them 7 days. When more brethren heard they came to meet them as far as Appii Forum and Three Inns. Next they came to Rome and the centurion delivered his prisoners to the captain of the guard; but Paul was permitted to live by himself in a rented house with the soldier who guarded him. Paul lived 2 whole years in this house. [Acts 27:1 - 28:16]

 

62 A.D.:

Paul was released from the Roman prison and he continued to preach the gospel. [2 Tim 4:6]

 

9 July 64 AD:

Rome Burns

Christians were directly confronted by the imperial power of Rome. A fire had destroyed a large part of the city and it was suspected by many that the emperor Nero was responsible for it. Many of the buildings destroyed were in the area where he was building a great new palace. In order to quell the rumor, Nero accused the Christians of arson. Convicted on the charge of arson and possibly of such crimes as holding Thyestean feasts (cannibalism) and engaging in magic, some Christians were dressed in animal skins and lacerated by dogs; others were crucified or burned as torches in Nero's gardens while he, dressed as a charioteer, drove among the audience.

 

66 AD:

The Jews revolt against Rome. Vast numbers also of those that were of the first rank among the Jews, were scourged with rods, and nailed upon the cross at Jerusalem, by Florus for he happened to be procurator of Judea at the commencement of the war, in the twelfth year of Nero's reign. "Then," he says, "throughout all Syria a tremendous commotion seized upon the inhabitants, in consequence of the revolt of the Jews. Every where did the inhabitants of the cities destroy the Jews without mercy. So that you could see the cities filled with unburied corpses, and the dead bodies of the aged mixed with those of children, and women not even having the necessary covering of their bodies. The whole province, indeed, was filled with indescribable distresses. But greater still than the crimes already endured, was the anticipation of those that threatened." Such is the statement of Josephus, and such was the condition of the Jews at this time.

 

68 AD:

Paul is again in prison at Rome, he writes Timothy. He is beheaded on the orders Nero.

 

70 AD:

Herod Agrippa II died.

Destruction of Jerusalem and the 2nd Temple

 

8 September 70 AD:

In the spring of 70, shortly before Passover, the Roman army under General Titus reached Jerusalem. A long siege, with assaults by battering rams, ended on September 8th when Roman troops entered the sanctuary of the temple and, intentionally or not, destroyed it by fire. Resistance continued in the upper city for another month, but the victory was complete. Exactly 40 years after Jesus' prophesy, Jerusalem and the temple were completely destroyed by Titus in the 2nd year of Emperor Vespasian's reign... and the Jews were scattered throughout the world. They remained scattered, persecuted, and without a country of their own for 1,878 years until 15 May 1948 when the nation of Israel was reborn. [Ezek 37: 1-14; Mark 13: 1-2]

 

Keep your eyes on Israel!  The first sign of the approaching end was the rebirth of the nation of Israel.  The next will be the confirmation of a 7 year treaty between Israel and her Arab enemies... and there have already been many attempts. [Dan 9:27]